Sunday, January 26, 2014

Syrians seeking a compromise on the humanitarian aspect in Geneva

The Deputy Foreign Minister of Syria , Faisal Meqdad , 26 January in Geneva.
Negotiations on Syria advance millimeter . At the end of the second day of talks between representatives of the regime of Bashar Al -Assad and the opposition , Sunday, January 26 in Geneva , no compromise has been reached on both issues before the update: the routing of a humanitarian convoy to the city of Homs and the exchange of prisoners .

Features more learned, Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN mediator , remained very cautious in his press conference on Sunday evening at the Palais des Nations , the UN headquarters in Geneva. "I hope that we are approaching a solution," he has merely stated . "If all goes well, starting tomorrow [ Monday ] , women and children can leave the old city of Homs ," besieged by the Syrian army since June 2012. For other people , said Mr. Brahimi, the Syrian authorities asking that they be provided a list of all those who wish to leave.

For its part, Faisal Mokdad , Deputy Foreign Minister of Syria , assured that the government had accepted the evacuation of civilians. "If armed terrorists Homs leave women and children from the Old City of Homs, we leave them free path," he said Sunday night. However, there were still questions about the guarantees demanded by the Syrian government to carry out this operation. Activists besieged Homs neighborhoods have asked them "guarantees" that allowed civilians to leave the city are not arrested by the regime.

Read testimonials from the civilian opposition activists : "The Syrian regime stop killing his people by force "


Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN mediator for Syria, Jan. 24 in Geneva.
The situation remained still confused Sunday night on humanitarian aid . Again, Mr. Brahimi did not want to come forward. "We hope that the convoys enter Homs tomorrow [ Monday ]," said he said. Faisal Mokdad but stressed that the convoys was still under discussion between the Governor of Homs and the UN representation in Damascus. "For us , the most important is that these trains do not fall into the hands of terrorists ," said he dropped a sharp tone.

As for the exchange of prisoners , no compromise is in sight. Mr. Mokdad said that the list presented on Sunday , the opposition was not credible . "More than 70% of the persons mentioned have never been in prison and 20% of them have already been released ," he has said.

Given the increasing number of obstacles after only two days of talks, Lakhdar Brahimi did not want to advance on the continuation of the process . " Syria out of the ditch in which the country has fallen take time," he simply said. In proposing to start negotiations with questions of humanitarian order , Lakhdar Brahimi, a veteran Algerian diplomat , however, seeks to bring both parties to initiate a fragile dialogue , before entering the heart of the matter , from Monday to the political transition. But the difficulty to move on humanitarian issues and the detainee reveals the gulf between the belligerents.


Bashar Jaafari , the Syrian ambassador to the United Nations Republic , during the Geneva talks II , Montreux, January 22 .
Since the opening of the peace conference on Syria, Wednesday, Jan. 22 in Montreux , the Syrian government has clearly demonstrated its unwillingness to negotiate. First refuting the legitimacy of the opposition delegation , led by the Syrian National Coalition ( CNS) , the spine opposite the Damascus regime movements.

Then, by refusing to recognize the object of these talks : the formation of a " transitional government body with full powers ," a formulation that aims to exclude Bashar Al -Assad. " There will be no transfer of power and President Assad remains in place ," insisted Omran Zoabi , the Syrian Minister of Information , at the launch of the talks. About then repeated in a loop by all representatives of the regime at every stage of these tortuous discussions.

As the Syrian government will continue to benefit from the political and military support from its allies and Russia and Iran as the balance of power on the ground is not threatening , there is no reason to make concessions . Over the Geneva negotiations will extend over his opponents divide , lack of tangible results. And the seat of power strengthens. Given the content of these first days of talks, the Damascus regime has clearly intends to play the shows .


 A street in the area of Homs held by rebels and besieged by the Syrian army , Jan. 4, 2013 .
It was still perceptible Sunday. On the issue of access of humanitarian convoys to Homs , the regime has hampered their heels . Bouthaina Shaaban , Assad adviser near even treated with contempt the situation in Homs, whose rebel neighborhoods are bombarded almost daily by the Syrian army . " The other part came here to discuss a little problem here and there. Us, we are here to discuss the future of Syria, " she said.

Same tactic for the exchange of prisoners . While the opposition said Sunday , presenting " lists tens of thousands of prisoners in the prisons of the regime ," Omran Zoabi assured that Damascus wanted to manage this issue "without discrimination" . " There are also thousands of people abducted [ by the rebels or the jihadists ] , some have gone for two and a half years and there is no trace of them," he said. A way to put in the same basket opposition and Salafist groups that fight yet in the field. And make the CNS responsible for prisoners in the hands of jihadists.

Even on these issues "secondary " dialogue of the deaf continued after the second day of negotiations. They could continue until the end of next week , according Lakhdar Brahimi . Suffice to say that the climate surrounding these talks is the opposite of the motto of the British diplomat , Robert Cecil, one of the architects of the League of Nations , engraved in gold on the wall of the first floor of the UN headquarters in Geneva letters " nations must disarm or perish" ...

Read the report on the first day of negotiations : Negotiations on Syria avoid deadlock