RT special report:
Published time: November 19, 2013 15:30
Edited time: November 19, 2013 18:20
Edited time: November 19, 2013 18:20
People gather near the wreckage of a car destroyed by a U.S. drone air strike that targeted suspected al Qaeda militants in August 2012, in the al-Qatn district of the southeastern Yemeni province of Hadhramout February 5, 2013.(Reuters / Khaled Abdullah)
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The price of America’s drone war is normally borne in silence by nameless victims in distant lands left to pick up the pieces. RT’s Lucy Kafanov visited Yemen to put a human face to a community forever changed by yet another anonymous strike from above.
“One drone changed this sleepy farming village forever. Less than an hour from Yemen’s capital, Khawlan is far removed from Al-Qaeda’s operations. But without warning it was thrust into the war on terror,"RT's Lucy Kafanov, who visited the community ravaged by a drone attack, reports.
In the remote Yemeni village of Khawlan, the death of Ali Nasser al-Qawli, a math teacher and father of three, thrust a small farming community into the heart of the global war on terror.
On January 23, Ali Nasser, driving alongside his 20-year-old cousin Salim, made the fatal mistake of picking up two strangers who turned out to be suspected al-Qaeda militants. The story of what happened next is all too familiar in Yemen, the second most deadly hotspot in the clandestine US drone program, after Pakistan.
Witnesses first reported an ominous whirring sound in the sky and then suddenly, like a bolt out of the blue, a hellfire missile whizzed through the air, turning Ali Nasser’s vehicle and everyone inside into a charred wreck.
Ali Nasser, a father of three, (L) and his 20-year-old cousin Salim (R) were killed by a US drone on January 23, 2013. Screenshot from RT video
“The smell of death was everywhere,” Ali Nasser’s brother Muhammad al-Qawli said. “Some bodies were burned beyond recognition. The rest were ripped to shreds and scattered all around. I found a part of Salim inside the car, the rest was outside. We only recognized him by a piece of his pants. You couldn’t tell who was who – if they were even human. It was sickening.”
Ten months later, from the school where he taught math to the home where his family depended on him, his absence is as conspicuous as it is painful.
In the case of Salim, the loss is equally acute. His mother, Um Salim al-Qawli, showed Kafanov where her son used to sleep. Though she knows it would be better to clear away his things, she cannot bear the thought – despite the fact that he will never come home.
"God help us. I didn’t understand until the next day that an American drone killed my son,” she told RT. “Why? Tell me. May Allah deprive them of their souls like they robbed us of our son. He was the only one providing for this family. Now all we have left now is our tears.”
What's believed to be a hellfire missile launched from a drone is shown to RT’s Lucy Kafanov. Screenshot from RT video
“The US War on Terror has no borders, often waged remotely with cruise missiles and drones. It's an undeclared global battlefield in which Yemen is just one of the frontlines, a fight against groups like Al-Qaeda, in which civilians also end up paying a price.” Kafanov said.
US President Barack Obama has publicly vowed that the “highest standard” is employed to ensure that no civilians are targeted in drone strikes. Obama, who also once reportedly proclaimed he was really good at killing people, also joked during the 2010 White House Correspondents Diner he would take out the Jonas Brothers with a predator drone strike if they “got any ideas” about his young daughters.
Last month, a 102-page report by Human Rights Watch concluded that US drone strikes against Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), Yemen’s branch of the global terror network, had a 70 percent civilian kill rate – or in other words, seven out of every 10 of their victims were civilians. Several days earlier, a UN investigator accused the US of drastically downplaying the number of civilians killed in anti-terrorist drone operations. On the same day the Human Rights Watch report was published, Amnesty International said US officials responsible for carrying out drone strikes may be responsible for war crimes.
Um Salim al-Qawli, the mother of 20-year old Salim, sits with Ali’s three children. They grieve for her son and their father. Screenshot from RT video
Critics maintain that the drone strikes program has done nothing to stem the growth of Al-Qaeda, and has even increased support for the terror network.
Despite more than a decade of US counterterrorism efforts and drone strikes to combat jihadists in Yemen, the number of Al-Qaeda militants in the country has reportedly grown dramatically in recet years. From a few hundred militants in 2010, there were more than 1,000 in 2012, CIA director and US former anti-terror chief John Brennan said.
The Obama administration maintains that unmanned drones are a better way to neutralize terror threats than sending in troops, arguing it is “the course of action least likely to result in the loss of innocent life."
"Let us remember that the terrorists we are after target civilians, and the death toll from their acts of terrorism against Muslims dwarfs any estimate of civilian casualties from drone strikes," Obama said in a speech earlier this year.
But for Ali Nasser’s family, who had never known the threat of an Al-Qaeda attack, the war on terror found them. Now, the prospect of justice seems as distant as the US drone pilots who changed their community forever.
Graffiti on one of the walls in the Yemeni village of Khawlan, a small farming community ravaged by a drone attack.Screenshot from RT video