Thursday, October 24, 2013
American control of the Internet weakening after NSA monitoring disclosures.
Monitoring the NSA leads " a strong weakening of America" on the Internet control
The Monde.fr | 24.10.2013 at 18:00 | By Guénaël Pepin
Internet domination by the United States will surely its fate decided in the coming months . From 22 to 25 October in Bali stands eighth Forum on Internet Governance , an annual meeting between the actors involved in the management of the network ( network architects , governments, private sector ... ) to discuss the state . One of the main themes this year is the liability of Internet architects in the United States .
Since their inception, these organizations that oversee the operation of the Internet are closely related to the first world power. The central body is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ICANN ), which manages domain names (like lemonde.fr ) and reserves (IP needed to connect to the Internet ) addresses, which directly depends the U.S. Department of Commerce .
GET AWAY FROM THE UNITED STATES
Grouped in Montevideo (Uruguay) on October 7 , the organizations said they wanted to accelerate the internationalization of their duties. A strong signal for some history , which stems directly from the revelations of the World Internet surveillance by U.S. intelligence . The United States is accused of defining the rules of operation of the Internet and use them to their advantage.
Read : Instances of Internet Governance want to emancipate themselves from the United States
This scandal is " a strong weakening of America. Has long been said that America was free, a model with respect to the state dictatorship of China, which does not hide its censorship . USA , they have a worse surely control [ global ] , without anyone knowing , "said the French Stéphane Van Gelder, Chairman of the Nominating Committee of ICANN since early October . It was imperative for management institutions Internet to their distances.
"Nobody has been involved in the Montevideo Declaration except those who have made it. Everyone , including people in the community ' icannienne ', was taken by surprise ," said Stephane Van Gelder . Companies that benefit from the current system , such as Verisign (which manages domain names . Com) and governments were , apparently , not aware . The president of Icann , Fadi Chehadé , would have expected a " backlash " in Bali.
A DECIDED SUMMIT " IN 45 MINUTES "
" Fadi Chehadé was meeting with the manager of the Brazilian names [ . Br] field and met a very opposed to the American Internet Governance Minister . Following a discussion of an hour and a half, Mr. Chehadé put forward a multi-stakeholder governance , "said Stephane Van Gelder .
Brazil, touted by the United States , became the spearhead of the countries affected by the current situation and calling for a new governance of the Network. President Dilma Rousseff, after a meeting with Fadi Chehadé , said in April that it would host an international summit on Internet governance .
Read : Dilma Rousseff canceled a state visit to Washington
" During this meeting, the Minister called the Brazilian President, Dilma Rousseff, for her to meet . This discussion , which lasted 20 minutes, lasted 45 and decided the top Brazilian April. At its end there will be a statement to change the governance model , "said Stephane Van Gelder . For him , the Brazilian top go in the direction of countries - such as China and Russia - who want a strong state power of the Internet to reduce U.S. influence and better control .
Read the details : Internet, issue of power between the United States and the "big emerging "
BRAZIL , CARRIER STATE OF INTERNET ?
To ICANN , is the universality of the Internet is at stake Fadi Chehadé would compare Brazil to smokers who are pressured to stop . " If we do not continue to be present , Brazil will resume cigarette anti multi -stakeholder ," said Stephane Van Gelder . The temptation is strong : network resources are poorly distributed between developed and emerging countries. " The scandal Prism is a way to open other wounds present for a long time ," said the French head of ICANN .
" One of the walls to the temptation of state governance is the Governmental Advisory Committee of ICANN ," which are present in most countries , says Stéphane Van Gelder . In principle. " This committee is currently under the control of neighboring countries of America . President is Canadian , the United States are very much like Australia last year or two , Europe expresses so another strong vision "less mercantile , says French .
Icann officially began thinking globally for a new network governance . The body wants to direct the work , including the Brazilian summit in April to provide global management of the Internet. The concern of the " global " institution is to leave the field open to countries seeking an Internet management by the UN, which would lead to a " fragmentation " of the network into different national versions .