Saturday, December 25, 2010

Why the French newspaper, Le, decided to publish wikileaks.

Le Monde published since November 28, more than one hundred twenty articles on diplomatic telegrams from the U.S. State Department. Of the 251 287 cables obtained by Wikileaks and studied exclusively by five newspapers - The New York Times, United States, The Guardian UK, Der Spiegel in Germany, El Pais in Spain and Le Monde in France -, 1897 have been published to date in support of articles.

Panorama revelations and the most significant information published by Le Monde .

* U.S. Espionage

A secret directive in 2009 indicates instructions to its diplomats from Washington on spying. A memo sent to the mission to the UN in New York , calls for diplomats to provide "any biographical information and biometric" on their contacts, including their allies, personal information such as "credit card numbers, numbers loyalty card airline " , and biometrics such as fingerprinting, facial photographs, DNA and iris scanners " .


"Let them die!"

When Washington began to look for host countries to the Guantanamo detainees, the interior minister of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber Al-Khalid Al-Sabah, retorted: "Let them die!" If they are rotten, they are rotten. It is better to get rid of. " Saudi King Abdullah for his part, "an idea" : the concerned implementing an electronic chip that will track them.


"Sarkozy l'Américain"

Nicolas Sarkozy, described as "the most pro-American president since the Second World War" , fascinated the American diplomats.

The nomination

On 1 st August 2005, Mr. Sarkozy announced his candidacy for U.S. diplomats in the French presidential, sixteen months before the French say. At this meeting, "Mr Sarkozy expressed his admiration for President Bush. Sarkozy said that, as the president [Bush] also made a point of honor to keep his word and to honestly confront the real problems of country. "

The veto at the UN

Mr Sarkozy, then interior minister, said he opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq while criticizing the decision of Jacques Chirac and Dominique de Villepin to use the veto of France to the Security Council of the UN, "asserting that it is something that he" would never " .

The war in Iraq

In 2006, Nicolas Sarkozy said in front of a minister of George Bush , he would, if elected president, send the French army in Iraq. "Sarkozy said, a telegram noted that France and the international community would have to help the United States to resolve the situation in Iraq. Maybe replacing the U.S. Army by an international force. "


Once elected President Nicolas Sarkozy, U.S. diplomats closely following the foreign policy issues. On NATO, they know at a time more than the French: "The Sarkozy's closest advisers were clear about the fact that he has already made the decision to reintegrate France into the integrated military command." The Elysee has also mentioned the return of the French nuclear force in NATO.

On February 2, 2010, counsel for the Elysee for strategic affairs, François Richier , says that if the United States sought to diminish the role of nuclear arsenals in the strategic concept of NATO, it "would have an impact on France's ability to integrate its nuclear forces in NATO " . Officially, France has ruled out giving up the autonomy of its total strike force. U.S. documents show that in camera discussions, Paris envisaged a return to NATO on nuclear power.


American diplomats report a surprising episode in a telegram entitled "Nobody to tell him" no " , devoted to the Elysee advisers "who avoid conflict with the president or his cause discontent" : "They have hijacked the president's plane to avoid him see the Eiffel Tower illuminated in the colors of Turkey on the occasion of the visit of Prime Minister Erdogan (a decision taken by the Paris City Hall). "


The secret mission of Elysium

Described as "the tip of the sword" of efforts to curb Iran's nuclear program, France has also tried a few months after coming to power of Nicolas Sarkozy, in 2007, a secret diplomacy with Iran. Telegrams reveal a confidential mission to Tehran in août2007, an emissary of the Elysée, François Richier, who spoke to Ali Akbar Velayati, diplomatic adviser of Iran's Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei . The attempt has backfired, because "Velayati was based on the misconception that Mr. Sarkozy would free France from its" addiction "to the United States" .

The case Reiss

The Elysee has deliberately exaggerated the role played by Syria in the negotiations to release from prison the French researcher Reiss , held in Iran from July2009 to May2010 on charges of spying . A telegram of August2009, cited as an adviser to the Elysee François Richier: "Of course, we do not know if the Syrians have done anything, but we've thanked them anyway." The goal, according to Americans , is to "validate the policies of Nicolas Sarkozy's opening to Syria" .


Transfers of military technology

Behind the "honeymoon" between Nicolas Sarkozy and Brazilian President Lula da Silva hide transfers of military technology intended to enable the French giant in Latin America to develop a defense industrial base. The telegrams show that during the negotiations on the proposed sale of military aircraft Rafale, "the French have since the beginning guaranteed to Brazilians that they would deliver the computer codes of the Rafale . Mr Sarkozy has promised in a letter to his counterpart, "an unrestricted transfer of technological information" .

Brazil, analyzing the Americans want to "produce the Rafale in its territory, and eventually sell through Latin America" .


The "Baltic plan" secret

"Eagle Guardian" is the name of defense planning, NATO decided to draw to reassure the three Baltic states who felt threatened after the Russian military intervention in Georgia in August 2008.

Telegrams reveal the underside of the secret negotiations between the allies to equip new members of the Alliance (entered in 2004) a protective device strengthened. The documents reveal how the allies were careful to surround these shots of confidentiality. They came into force in early 2010.


The FSB against the U.S. embassy

In Moscow, the Russian secret service harass Americans. The embassy said repeatedly destabilizing operations and harassment against its employees: death threats, intrusions, the homes, incriminating photo montages ... "We have no doubt that this activity originates from the FSB" , wrote the ambassador in November 2009.


Attacks against Google

In January 2010, Google announced that its servers have been victims of cyber probably from China. A senior Chinese informant informed the U.S. Embassy that the operation was planned and coordinated at the highest level "in the Information Office of the State Council , under the supervision of two members of the Politburo Standing Committee " . The informant added that the operation was "100% political in nature" and was intended to spy on Chinese dissidents who has an account at Google.


Towards reunification?

In janvier2010, a South Korean official related to the Americans that "North Korean officials of high rank stationed abroad have recently defected in favor of South Korea" .

The most radical scenario comes from a vice-minister says South Korean in February 2010 that "North Korea has already collapsed economically. It will collapse politically two or three years after the death of Kim Jong he . " China, which is officially hand the message, would not a monolithic position. According to Deputy Minister of South Korea, some Chinese officials "are willing to accept (...) the two states should be reunified" with the colors of the South.


Karzai clan

The United States believes that they must control the actions of the political boss of Kandahar, Ahmed Wali Karzai (nicknamed "AWK" ), the half brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai . "Although we were dealing with" AWK "in As president of the provincial council, it is considered by many as corrupt and involved in drug trafficking " , says a telegram of November 2009.

At the heart of the strategy included the Karzai clan ownership of two key resources, "the fertile lands and water" , and its willingness to raid on private security companies.


U.S. soldiers in tribal areas

The U.S. ambassador in Islamabad reported in October 2009, a green light from the headquarters of Pakistan in the presence of U.S. Special Forces (six men) in the tribal areas. The cable says it's the second time in two months that the authorization is provided.

The nuclear

Barack Obama says that Pakistan is his "private nightmare" , according to a telegram. Islamabad resents the American obsession to bring its nuclear arsenal under guardianship. The U.S. ambassador evaluate, in February2009, the risk: "Our main concern is not that an Islamist group could steal a whole bomb, but rather an individual working in government facilities make out enough fissile material for make a bomb. "


The interference of Iran

Threats and promises, financial aid, political manipulation, spying all-out attempts of religious influence, supplies of arms and explosives to militias, more or less sporadic incidents caused on common borders: Iran's strategy in Iraq has spent of all possible instruments. It's "General Ghassem Soleimani , commander of the Revolutionary Guard - Quds Force (a close associate of Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei), who directs the formulation and implementation of the Iraq policy of the Government of Iran " .


U.S. raids

In the fight against al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), and contrary to the official thesis that the bombing bases of alleged AQPA are the work of the Yemeni army, a telegram describing an encounter between the Yemeni President , Ali Abdallah Saleh, and U.S. General David Petraeus , in January 2010, proves that these strikes were the work of the U.S. military. "We will continue to say that these are our bombs and not yours" , assures the President.


The U.S. arms sales to Arab countries

A general mistrust vis-à-vis the Middle East, and not just Iran's nuclear program, encourages Israel to feed the demand for a qualitative military edge region. Israel must ensure that the Arab countries are not likely weapon of concern.


Arms trafficking and corruption

Ostensibly to the Kenyan army, a large shipment of tanks and T 72 weapons discovered after the arrest, in September 2008, a ship by Somali pirates, was delivered to Southern Sudan in violation of the agreement signed peace in 2005. Americans are discovering the links between the Kenyan authorities and southern Sudan. A "senior official of Kenya" , they note, was able to take a "financial benefit" for facilitating the clandestine transfer of tanks and weapons bought in Ukraine.


Corruption and divisions in Dakar

The United States considers the regime of Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade as a "weak democracy" lawless "financial scandal" . Karim Wade, son and heir probable President, is nicknamed "Mr. 15%" .


Corruption in Tunisia and Morocco

U.S. diplomats portrayed the regime "ossified" President Ben Ali and "corruption of the family of the first lady , and believe that "corrupt practices have been institutionalized" in Morocco during the reign of Mohammed V, to the Royal Palace and the army.


Paradise Bouygues

Hit by the crisis, the French group has relocated a significant number of employees in Turkmenistan. The dictatorship in Central Asia has become a haven for Bouygues prosperity, so that Bouygues has almost exclusive control of all the prestigious projects. U.S. diplomats are wondering about the background of their privileged position in an opaque and corrupt countries, noting that some monumental buildings remain, once delivered, almost unoccupied.
Browse through the diplomatic memos

The and linkfluence offer a consultation tool of U.S. diplomatic memo obtained by Wikileaks. Prior to publication, these memos were selected and edited by the editorial staff of the World , the Guardian , of El Pais , the Spiegel and the New York Times . You can find all the articles in Le Monde on the WikiLeaks documents by visiting our special sequence .
Article published in the edition of 25.12.10

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Wikileaks: a review of information published by Le Monde -